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• The article discusses the prevalence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and its impact on human health.
• It explores the ways in which AMR is transmitted and how it can be prevented.
• It also outlines some of the challenges associated with tackling AMR, including lack of access to effective treatments and inadequate funding for research.

What is Antimicrobial Resistance?

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a growing global threat to human health. It occurs when microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites become resistant to medicines that were previously used to treat them. This means that infections caused by these organisms may become more difficult or even impossible to treat using existing drugs. As a result, AMR has been linked to an increasing number of deaths around the world each year.

How is Antimicrobial Resistance Transmitted?

AMR can be spread through direct contact with infected individuals or through contact with animals or contaminated food or water sources. In addition, overuse or misuse of antibiotics has been identified as one of the major factors contributing to the problem of antibiotic resistance. For example, antibiotics may be prescribed unnecessarily or taken incorrectly by patients who are seeking quick relief from their symptoms without consulting a healthcare provider first.

Preventing Antimicrobial Resistance

There are several steps that can be taken to help reduce the spread of AMR and protect public health:

• Governments should develop national strategies for reducing antibiotic use in both humans and animals;

• Healthcare providers should ensure that antibiotics are only prescribed when absolutely necessary;

• Patients should take all medications as prescribed by their healthcare provider;

• Education campaigns should focus on raising awareness about proper antibiotic use;

• Proper hand-washing techniques should be promoted in order to reduce the spread of infection;

• Vaccines should be used whenever possible as an alternative to antibiotics;

• Food production systems should strive for higher animal welfare standards in order to minimize disease transmission from animals to humans; and

• Research into new treatments for AMR should be adequately funded by governments around the world.

Challenges Associated with Tackling Antimicrobial Resistance

Despite efforts made toward preventing AMR, there remain several challenges associated with tackling this issue:

• Accessible treatment options may not exist for certain drug-resistant infections due to limited availability or cost constraints;

• A lack of financial resources has hindered research into new treatments for AMR; and

• There have been difficulties implementing regulations related to antibiotic use in both humans and animals due to cultural differences between countries.
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